OWASP Testing Guide v4 Table of Contents

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This is the FINAL table of content of the New Testing Guide v4.

At the moment the project is in the REVIEW phase.
You can download the stable version v3 here

Back to the OWASP Testing Guide Project: http://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_Testing_Project

Updated: 1st April 2014

Contributors List



Table of Contents

Foreword by Eoin Keary

1. Frontispiece

1.1 About the OWASP Testing Guide Project


1.2 About The Open Web Application Security Project

2. Introduction

2.1 The OWASP Testing Project

2.2 Principles of Testing

2.3 Testing Techniques Explained

2.4 Security requirements test derivation

2.5 Security test data analysis and reporting: root cause identification and business/role case test data reporting

3. The OWASP Testing Framework

3.1. Overview

3.2. Phase 1: Before Development Begins

3.3. Phase 2: During Definition and Design

3.4. Phase 3: During Development

3.5. Phase 4: During Deployment

3.6. Phase 5: Maintenance and Operations

3.7. A Typical SDLC Testing Workflow

4. Web Application Penetration Testing

4.1 Introduction and Objectives

4.1.1 Testing Checklist


4.2 Information Gathering

4.2.1 Conduct Search Engine Discovery and Reconnaissance for Information Leakage (OTG-INFO-001) formerly "Search Engine Discovery/Reconnaissance (OWASP-IG-002)"

4.2.2 Fingerprint Web Server (OTG-INFO-002) formerly "Testing for Web Application Fingerprint (OWASP-IG-004)"

4.2.3 Review Webserver Metafiles for Information Leakage (OTG-INFO-003) formerly "Spiders, Robots and Crawlers (OWASP-IG-001)"

4.2.4 Enumerate Applications on Webserver (OTG-INFO-004) formerly "Application Discovery (OWASP-IG-005)"

4.2.5 Review Webpage Comments and Metadata for Information Leakage (OTG-INFO-005) formerly "Review webpage comments and metadata(OWASP-IG-007)"

4.2.6 Identify application entry points (OTG-INFO-006) formerly "Identify application entry points (OWASP-IG-003)"

4.2.7 Map execution paths through application (OTG-INFO-008) formerly "Map execution paths through application (OWASP-IG-009)"

4.2.8 Fingerprint Web Application Framework (OTG-INFO-009) formerly "Testing for Web Application Fingerprint (OWASP-IG-010)"

4.2.9 Fingerprint Web Application (OTG-INFO-010) formerly "Testing for Web Application Fingerprint (OWASP-IG-010)"

4.2.10 Map Network and Application Architecture (OTG-INFO-011) formerly "Testing for Infrastructure Configuration Management Testing weakness (OWASP-CM-001)"


4.3 Configuration and Deploy Management Testing

4.3.1 Test Network/Infrastructure Configuration (OTG-CONFIG-001) formerly "Testing for Infrastructure Configuration Management Testing weakness (OWASP-CM-001)"

4.3.2 Test Application Platform Configuration (OTG-CONFIG-002) formerly "Testing for Application Configuration Management weakness (OWASP-CM-002)"

4.3.3 Test File Extensions Handling for Sensitive Information (OTG-CONFIG-003) formerly "Testing for File Extensions Handling (OWASP-CM-003)"

4.3.4 Review Old, Backup and Unreferenced Files for Sensitive Information (OTG-CONFIG-004) formerly "Old, Backup and Unreferenced Files (OWASP-CM-004)"

4.3.5 Enumerate Infrastructure and Application Admin Interfaces (OTG-CONFIG-005) formerly "Infrastructure and Application Admin Interfaces (OWASP-CM-005)"

4.3.6 Test HTTP Methods (OTG-CONFIG-006) formerly "Testing for Bad HTTP Methods (OWASP-CM-006)"

4.3.7 Test HTTP Strict Transport Security (OTG-CONFIG-009) formerly "Testing for Missing HSTS header (OWASP-CM-009)"

4.3.8 Test RIA cross domain policy (OTG-CONFIG-011) formerly "Testing for RIA policy files weakness (OWASP-CM-010)"


4.4 Identity Management Testing

4.4.1 Test Role Definitions (OTG-IDENT-001)

4.4.2 Test User Registration Process (OTG-IDENT-002)

4.4.3 Test Account Provisioning Process (OTG-IDENT-003)

4.4.4 Testing for Account Enumeration and Guessable User Account (OTG-IDENT-004) formerly "Testing for Account Enumeration and Guessable User Account (OWASP-AT-002)"

4.4.5 Testing for Weak or unenforced username policy (OTG-IDENT-005) formerly "Testing for Weak or unenforced username policy (OWASP-AT-009)


4.5 Authentication Testing

4.5.1 Testing for Credentials Transported over an Encrypted Channel (OTG-AUTHN-001) formerly "Testing for Credentials Transported over an Encrypted Channel (OWASP-AT-001)"

4.5.2 Testing for default credentials (OTG-AUTHN-002) formerly "Testing for default credentials (OWASP-AT-003)"

4.5.3 Testing for Weak lock out mechanism (OTG-AUTHN-003) formerly "Testing for Weak lock out mechanism (OWASP-AT-004)"

4.5.4 Testing for bypassing authentication schema (OTG-AUTHN-004) formerly "Testing for bypassing authentication schema (OWASP-AT-005)"

4.5.5 Test remember password functionality (OTG-AUTHN-005) formerly "Testing for vulnerable remember password functionality (OWASP-AT-006)"

4.5.6 Testing for Browser cache weakness (OTG-AUTHN-006) formerly "Testing for Browser cache weakness (OWASP-AT-007)"

4.5.7 Testing for Weak password policy (OTG-AUTHN-007) formerly "Testing for Weak password policy (OWASP-AT-008)"

4.5.8 Testing for Weak security question/answer (OTG-AUTHN-008)

4.5.9 Testing for weak password change or reset functionalities (OTG-AUTHN-009) formerly "Testing for weak password change or reset functionalities (OWASP-AT-011)"

4.5.10 Testing for Weaker authentication in alternative channel (OTG-AUTHN-010)


4.6 Authorization Testing

4.6.1 Testing Directory traversal/file include (OTG-AUTHZ-002) formerly "Testing Directory traversal/file include (OWASP-AZ-001)"

4.6.2 Testing for bypassing authorization schema (OTG-AUTHZ-003) formerly "Testing for bypassing authorization schema (OWASP-AZ-002)"

4.6.3 Testing for Privilege Escalation (OTG-AUTHZ-004) formerly "Testing for Privilege Escalation (OWASP-AZ-003)"

4.6.4 Testing for Insecure Direct Object References (OTG-AUTHZ-005) formerly "Testing for Insecure Direct Object References (OWASP-AZ-004)"


4.7 Session Management Testing

4.7.1 Testing for Bypassing Session Management Schema (OTG-SESS-001) formerly "Testing for Bypassing Session Management Schema (OWASP-SM-001)"

4.7.2 Testing for Cookies attributes (OTG-SESS-002) formerly "Testing for Cookies attributes (OWASP-SM-002)" (Cookies are set not ‘HTTP Only’, ‘Secure’, and no time validity)

4.7.3 Testing for Session Fixation (OTG-SESS-003) formerly "Testing for Session Fixation (OWASP-SM-003)"

4.7.4 Testing for Exposed Session Variables (OTG-SESS-004) formerly "Testing for Exposed Session Variables (OWASP-SM-004)"

4.7.5 Testing for Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) (OTG-SESS-005) formerly "Testing for Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) (OWASP-SM-005)"

4.7.6 Testing for logout functionality (OTG-SESS-007) formerly "Testing for logout functionality (OWASP-SM-007)"

4.7.7 Test Session Timeout (OTG-SESS-008)

4.7.8 Testing for Session puzzling (OTG-SESS-010)


4.8 Data Validation Testing

4.8.1 Testing for Reflected Cross Site Scripting (OTG-INPVAL-001) formerly "Testing for Reflected Cross Site Scripting (OWASP-DV-001)"

4.8.2 Testing for Stored Cross Site Scripting (OTG-INPVAL-002) formerly "Testing for Stored Cross Site Scripting (OWASP-DV-002)"

4.8.3 Testing for HTTP Verb Tampering (OTG-INPVAL-003) formerly "Testing for HTTP Verb Tampering (OWASP-DV-003)"

4.8.4 Testing for HTTP Parameter pollution (OTG-INPVAL-004) formerly "Testing for HTTP Parameter pollution (OWASP-DV-004)"

4.8.5 Testing for SQL Injection (OTG-INPVAL-006) formerly "Testing for SQL Injection (OWASP-DV-005)"

4.8.5.1 Oracle Testing

4.8.5.2 MySQL Testing

4.8.5.3 SQL Server Testing

4.8.5.4 Testing PostgreSQL (from OWASP BSP)

4.8.5.5 MS Access Testing

4.8.5.6 Testing for NoSQL injection

4.8.6 Testing for LDAP Injection (OTG-INPVAL-007) formerly "Testing for LDAP Injection (OWASP-DV-006)"

4.8.7 Testing for ORM Injection (OTG-INPVAL-008) formerly "Testing for ORM Injection (OWASP-DV-007)"

4.8.8 Testing for XML Injection (OTG-INPVAL-009) formerly "Testing for XML Injection (OWASP-DV-008)"

4.8.9 Testing for SSI Injection (OTG-INPVAL-010) formerly "Testing for SSI Injection (OWASP-DV-009)"

4.8.10 Testing for XPath Injection (OTG-INPVAL-011) formerly "Testing for XPath Injection (OWASP-DV-010)"

4.8.11 IMAP/SMTP Injection (OTG-INPVAL-012) formerly "IMAP/SMTP Injection (OWASP-DV-011)"

4.8.12 Testing for Code Injection (OTG-INPVAL-013) formerly "Testing for Code Injection (OWASP-DV-012)"

4.8.12.1 Testing for Local File Inclusion

4.8.12.2 Testing for Remote File Inclusion

4.8.13 Testing for Command Injection (OTG-INPVAL-014) formerly "Testing for Command Injection (OWASP-DV-013)"

4.8.14 Testing for Buffer overflow (OTG-INPVAL-015) formerly "Testing for Buffer overflow (OWASP-DV-014)"

4.8.14.1 Testing for Heap overflow

4.8.14.2 Testing for Stack overflow

4.8.14.3 Testing for Format string

4.8.15 Testing for incubated vulnerabilities (OTG-INPVAL-016) formerly "Testing for incubated vulnerabilities (OWASP-DV-015)"

4.8.16 Testing for HTTP Splitting/Smuggling (OTG-INPVAL-017) formerly "Testing for HTTP Splitting/Smuggling (OWASP-DV-016)"


4.9 Testing for Error Handling

4.9.1 Analysis of Error Codes (OTG-ERR-001) formerly "Analysis of Error Codes (OWASP-IG-006)"

4.9.2 Analysis of Stack Traces (OTG-ERR-002) formerly "Analysis of Stack Traces"


4.10 Testing for weak Cryptography

4.10.1 Testing for Weak SSL/TSL Ciphers, Insufficient Transport Layer Protection (OTG-CRYPST-002) formerly "Testing for Weak SSL/TSL Ciphers, Insufficient Transport Layer Protection (OWASP-EN-002)"

4.10.2 Testing for Padding Oracle (OTG-CRYPST-003) formerly "Testing for Padding Oracle (OWASP-EN-003)"

4.10.3 Testing for Sensitive information sent via unencrypted channels (OTG-CRYPST-007)


4.11 Business Logic Testing (OWASP-BL-001) Business Logic

4.11.1 Test Business Logic Data Validation (OTG-BUSLOGIC-001)

4.11.2 Test Ability to Forge Requests (OTG-BUSLOGIC-002)

4.11.3 Test Integrity Checks (OTG-BUSLOGIC-003)

4.11.4 Test for Process Timing (OTG-BUSLOGIC-004)

4.11.5 Test Number of Times a Function Can be Used Limits (OTG-BUSLOGIC-005)

4.11.6 Testing for the Circumvention of Work Flows (OTG-BUSLOGIC-006)

4.11.7 Test Defenses Against Application Mis-use (OTG-BUSLOGIC-007)

4.11.8 Test Upload of Unexpected File Types (OTG-BUSLOGIC-008)

4.11.9 Test Upload of Malicious Files (OTG-BUSLOGIC-009)


4.12 Client Side Testing 4.12.1 Testing for DOM based Cross Site Scripting (OTG-CLIENT-001) formerly "Testing for DOM based Cross Site Scripting (OWASP-CS-001)"

4.12.2 Testing for JavaScript Execution (OWASP-CS-002)

4.12.3 Testing for HTML Injection (OWASP-CS-003)

4.12.4 Testing for Client Side URL Redirect (OWASP-CS-004)

4.12.5 Testing for CSS Injection (OWASP-CS-005)

4.12.6 Testing for Client Side Resource Manipulation (OWASP-CS-006)

4.12.7 Test Cross Origin Resource Sharing (OTG-CLIENT-007) formerly "Testing for HTML5 (OWASP CS-002)"

4.12.8 Testing for Cross Site Flashing (OTG-CLIENT-008) formerly "Testing for Cross Site Flashing (OWASP-CS-003)"

4.12.9 Testing for Clickjacking (OTG-CLIENT-009) formerly "Testing for Clickjacking (OWASP-CS-004)"

4.12.10 Testing WebSockets (OTG-CLIENT-010)

4.12.11 Test Web Messaging (OTG-CLIENT-011)

4.12.12 Test Local Storage (OTG-CLIENT-012)

5. Writing Reports: value the real risk

5.1 How to value the real risk

5.2 How to write the report of the testing

Appendix A: Testing Tools

  • Black Box Testing Tools

Appendix B: Suggested Reading

  • Whitepapers
  • Books
  • Useful Websites

Appendix C: Fuzz Vectors

  • Fuzz Categories


Appendix D: Encoded Injection




ARTICLES DELETED:

INFO GATHERING:

CONFIGURATION AND DEPLOY MANAGEMENT TESTING:

4.3.7 Testing for Database credentials/connection strings available (OTG-CONFIG-007) formerly "Testing for Database credentials/connection strings available (OWASP-CM-007)"

4.3.8 Test Content Security Policy (OTG-CONFIG-008) formerly "Testing for Content Security Policy weakness (OWASP-CM-008)"

4.3.10 Test Frame Options (OTG-CONFIG-010)

4.3.12 Test Content Type Options (OTG-CONFIG-012) new

IDENTITY MANAGEMENT TESTING:

4.4.8 Test User Deregistration Process (OTG-IDENT-008) New

4.4.9 Test Account Deregistration Process (OTG-IDENT-009) New

AUTHORIZATION TESTING:

4.6.1 Test Management of Account Permissions (OTG-AUTHZ-001) New

4.6.6 Testing for Failure to Restrict access to authorized resource (OTG-AUTHZ-006) formerly "Testing for Failure to Restrict access to authorized resource (OWASP-AZ-005)"

4.6.7 Test privileges of server components (OTG-AUTHZ-007) (e.g. indexing service, reporting interface, file generator)

4.6.8 Test enforcement of application entry points (OTG-AUTHZ-008) (including exposure of objects)

4.6.9 Testing for failure to restrict access to authenticated resource (OTG-AUTHZ-009) formerly "Testing for failure to restrict access to authenticated resource (OWASP-AT-010)"

SESSION MANAGEMENT TESTING:

4.7.6 Test Session Token Strength (OTG-SESS-006)

4.7.9 Test multiple concurrent sessions (OTG-SESS-009)

DATA VALIDATION TESTING:

4.8.5 Testing for Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards (OTG-INPVAL-005) formerly "Testing for Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards (OWASP-DV-004)"

CRYPTOGRAPHY:

4.10.1 Testing for Insecure encryption usage (OTG-CRYPST-001) formerly "Testing for Insecure encryption usage (OWASP-EN-001)"

4.10.4 Testing for Cacheable HTTPS Response (OTG-CRYPST-004)

4.10.5 Test Cache Directives (OTG-CRYPST-005)

4.10.6 Testing for Insecure Cryptographic Storage (OTG-CRYPST-006)

4.10.8 Test Cryptographic Key Management (OTG-CRYPST-008)


BUSINESS LOGIC:

XXXX4.12.3 Testing for Forged Requests Using Predictive Parameters (OTG-BUSLOGIC-003) [New!]- [Combine with Test Ability to forge requests as an example]

4.12.3 Test Integrity Checks (OTG-BUSLOGIC-003) (e.g. overwriting updates)

DENIAL OF SERVICE

4.13 Denial of Service

4.13.1 Test Regular expression DoS (OTG-DOS-001) [New!] note: to understand better

4.13.2 Test XML DoS (OTG-DOS-002) [New! - Andrew Muller]

4.13.3 Testing for CAPTCHA (OTG-DOS-003) formerly "Testing for CAPTCHA (OWASP-AT-012)"

4.13.4 Test excessive rate (speed) of use limits (OTG-DOS-004) [New!]- [Moved from Business Logic, formerly OTG-BUSLOGIC-006]

4.13.5 Test size of request limits (OTG-DOS-005) [New!] - [Moved from Business Logic, formerly OTG-BUSLOGIC-008]

WEB SERVICES TESTING

4.14 Web Service Testing [Tom Eston]

4.14.1 Scoping a Web Service Test (OTG-WEBSVC-001) formerly "Scoping a Web Service Test (OWASP-WS-001)"

4.14.2 WS Information Gathering (OTG-WEBSVC-002) formerly "WS Information Gathering (OWASP-WS-002)"

4.14.3 WS Authentication Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-003) formerly "WS Authentication Testing (OWASP-WS-003)"

4.14.4 WS Management Interface Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-004) formerly "WS Management Interface Testing (OWASP-WS-004)"

4.14.5 Weak XML Structure Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-005) formerly "Weak XML Structure Testing (OWASP-WS-005)"

4.14.6 XML Content-Level Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-006) formerly "XML Content-Level Testing (OWASP-WS-006)"

4.14.7 WS HTTP GET Parameters/REST Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-007) formerly "WS HTTP GET Parameters/REST Testing (OWASP-WS-007)"

4.14.8 WS Naughty SOAP Attachment Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-008) formerly "WS Naughty SOAP Attachment Testing (OWASP-WS-008)"

4.14.9 WS Replay/MiTM Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-009) formerly "WS Replay/MiTM Testing (OWASP-WS-009)"

4.14.10 WS BEPL Testing (OTG-WEBSVC-010) formerly "WS BEPL Testing (OWASP-WS-010)"

4.11 Logging Not convinced Logging should be included as it requires access to logs to test

4.11.1 Test time synchronisation (OTG-LOG-001) formerly "Incorrect time"

4.11.2 Test user-viewable log of authentication events (OTG-LOG-002)

4.4.6 Test Permissions of Guest/Training Accounts (OTG-IDENT-006) New

4.4.7 Test Account Suspension/Resumption Process (OTG-IDENT-007) New