Difference between revisions of "Web Application Security Testing Cheat Sheet"

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This will allow it to be consumed within security tools as well as being available in a format suitable for printing.
 
This will allow it to be consumed within security tools as well as being available in a format suitable for printing.
  
It is currently at a very early stage, but any feedback or offers of help will be appreciated.
+
All feedback or offers of help will be appreciated - and if you have specific chances you think should be made, just get stuck in.
  
 
= The Checklist =
 
= The Checklist =
Line 22: Line 22:
 
* Check for files that expose content, such as robots.txt, sitemap.xml, .DS_Store
 
* Check for files that expose content, such as robots.txt, sitemap.xml, .DS_Store
 
* Check the caches of major search engines for publicly accessible sites
 
* Check the caches of major search engines for publicly accessible sites
 +
* Check for differences in content based on User Agent (eg, Mobile sites, access as a Search engine Crawler)
 
* Perform Web Application Fingerprinting
 
* Perform Web Application Fingerprinting
 
* Identify technologies used
 
* Identify technologies used
 +
* Identify user roles
 
* Identify application entry points
 
* Identify application entry points
 +
* Identify client-side code
 +
* Identify multiple versions/channels (e.g. web, mobile web, mobile app, web services)
 +
* Identify co-hosted and related applications
 +
* Identify all hostnames and ports
 +
* Identify third-party hosted content
 +
 
== Configuration Management ==
 
== Configuration Management ==
 
* Check for commonly used application and administrative URLs
 
* Check for commonly used application and administrative URLs
Line 30: Line 38:
 
* Check HTTP methods supported and Cross Site Tracing (XST)
 
* Check HTTP methods supported and Cross Site Tracing (XST)
 
* Test file extensions handling
 
* Test file extensions handling
 +
* Test for security HTTP headers (e.g. CSP, X-Frame-Options, HSTS)
 +
* Test for policies (e.g. Flash, Silverlight, robots)
 +
* Test for non-production data in live environment, and vice-versa
 +
* Check for sensitive data in client-side code (e.g. API keys, credentials)
 +
 
== Secure Transmission ==
 
== Secure Transmission ==
* Check SSL Version, Algorithms, Key length, Digital Cert. Validity
+
* Check SSL Version, Algorithms, Key length
 +
* Check for Digital Certificate Validity (Duration, Signature and CN)
 
* Check credentials only delivered over HTTPS
 
* Check credentials only delivered over HTTPS
 +
* Check that the login form is delivered over HTTPS
 
* Check session tokens only delivered over HTTPS
 
* Check session tokens only delivered over HTTPS
 
* Check if HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) in use
 
* Check if HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) in use
 +
 
== Authentication ==
 
== Authentication ==
 
* Test for user enumeration
 
* Test for user enumeration
Line 41: Line 57:
 
* Test password quality rules
 
* Test password quality rules
 
* Test remember me functionality
 
* Test remember me functionality
* Test password reset
+
* Test for autocomplete on password forms/input
 +
* Test password reset and/or recovery
 +
* Test password change process
 
* Test CAPTCHA
 
* Test CAPTCHA
 
* Test multi factor authentication
 
* Test multi factor authentication
* Test logout and cache management
+
* Test for logout functionality presence
 +
* Test for cache management on HTTP (eg Pragma, Expires, Max-age)
 +
* Test for default logins
 +
* Test for user-accessible authentication history
 +
* Test for out-of channel notification of account lockouts and successful password changes
 +
* Test for consistent authentication across applications with shared authentication schema / SSO
 +
 
 
== Session Management ==
 
== Session Management ==
 
* Establish how session management is handled in the application (eg, tokens in cookies, token in URL)
 
* Establish how session management is handled in the application (eg, tokens in cookies, token in URL)
 
* Check session tokens for cookie flags (httpOnly and secure)
 
* Check session tokens for cookie flags (httpOnly and secure)
* Check session cookie scope
+
* Check session cookie scope (path and domain)
* Check session timeout duration
+
* Check session cookie duration (expires and max-age)
 +
* Check session termination after a maximum lifetime
 +
* Check session termination after relative timeout
 +
* Check session termination after logout
 
* Test to see if users can have multiple simultaneous sessions
 
* Test to see if users can have multiple simultaneous sessions
 
* Test session cookies for randomness
 
* Test session cookies for randomness
* Confirm that new session tokens are issued on login
+
* Confirm that new session tokens are issued on login, role change and logout
 +
* Test for consistent session management across applications with shared session management
 +
* Test for session puzzling
 +
* Test for CSRF and clickjacking
 +
 
 
== Authorization ==
 
== Authorization ==
 
* Test for path traversal
 
* Test for path traversal
 
* Test for bypassing authorization schema
 
* Test for bypassing authorization schema
* Test for Privilege Escalation
+
* Test for vertical Access control problems (a.k.a. Privilege Escalation)
 +
* Test for horizontal Access control problems (between two users at the same privilege level)
 +
* Test for missing authorization
 +
 
 
== Data Validation ==
 
== Data Validation ==
 
* Test for Reflected Cross Site Scripting
 
* Test for Reflected Cross Site Scripting
Line 62: Line 96:
 
* Test for DOM based Cross Site Scripting
 
* Test for DOM based Cross Site Scripting
 
* Test for Cross Site Flashing
 
* Test for Cross Site Flashing
 +
* Test for HTML Injection
 
* Test for SQL Injection
 
* Test for SQL Injection
 
* Test for LDAP Injection
 
* Test for LDAP Injection
 
* Test for ORM Injection
 
* Test for ORM Injection
 
* Test for XML Injection
 
* Test for XML Injection
 +
* Test for XXE Injection
 
* Test for SSI Injection
 
* Test for SSI Injection
 
* Test for XPath Injection
 
* Test for XPath Injection
 +
* Test for XQuery Injection
 
* Test for IMAP/SMTP Injection
 
* Test for IMAP/SMTP Injection
 
* Test for Code Injection
 
* Test for Code Injection
 
* Test for Command Injection
 
* Test for Command Injection
* Test for Buffer overflow
+
* Test for Overflow (Stack, Heap and Integer)
 +
* Test for Format String
 
* Test for incubated vulnerabilities
 
* Test for incubated vulnerabilities
 
* Test for HTTP Splitting/Smuggling
 
* Test for HTTP Splitting/Smuggling
 +
* Test for HTTP Verb Tampering
 +
* Test for Open Redirection
 +
* Test for Local File Inclusion
 +
* Test for Remote File Inclusion
 +
* Compare client-side and server-side validation rules
 +
* Test for NoSQL injection
 +
* Test for HTTP parameter pollution
 +
* Test for auto-binding
 +
* Test for Mass Assignment
 +
* Test for NULL/Invalid Session Cookie
 +
 
== Denial of Service ==
 
== Denial of Service ==
* TBA
+
* Test for anti-automation
 +
* Test for account lockout
 +
* Test for HTTP protocol DoS
 +
* Test for SQL wildcard DoS
 +
 
 
== Business Logic ==
 
== Business Logic ==
* TBA
+
* Test for feature misuse
 +
* Test for lack of non-repudiation
 +
* Test for trust relationships
 +
* Test for integrity of data
 +
* Test segregation of duties
 +
 
 +
== Cryptography ==
 +
* Check if data which should be encrypted is not
 +
* Check for wrong algorithms usage depending on context
 +
* Check for weak algorithms usage
 +
* Check for proper use of salting
 +
* Check for randomness functions
 +
 
 
== Risky Functionality - File Uploads ==
 
== Risky Functionality - File Uploads ==
* Confirm that all file uploads have Anti-Virus scanning in-place.
+
* Test that acceptable file types are whitelisted
* Confirm that uploaded files are not directly accessible within the web root.
+
* Test that file size limits, upload frequency and total file counts are defined and are enforced
 +
* Test that file contents match the defined file type
 +
* Test that all file uploads have Anti-Virus scanning in-place.
 +
* Test that unsafe filenames are sanitised
 +
* Test that uploaded files are not directly accessible within the web root
 +
* Test that uploaded files are not served on the same hostname/port
 +
* Test that files and other media are integrated with the authentication and authorisation schemas
 +
 
 +
== Risky Functionality - Card Payment ==
 +
* Test for known vulnerabilities and configuration issues on Web Server and Web Application
 +
* Test for default or guessable password
 +
* Test for non-production data in live environment, and vice-versa
 +
* Test for Injection vulnerabilities
 +
* Test for Buffer Overflows
 +
* Test for Insecure Cryptographic Storage
 +
* Test for Insufficient Transport Layer Protection
 +
* Test for Improper Error Handling
 +
* Test for all vulnerabilities with a CVSS v2 score > 4.0
 +
* Test for Authentication and Authorization issues
 +
* Test for CSRF
 +
 
 +
== HTML 5==
 +
* Test Web Messaging
 +
* Test for Web Storage SQL injection
 +
* Check CORS implementation
 +
 
 +
= Other Formats =
 +
 
 +
* Current cheat sheet in DradisPro template format [https://github.com/raesene/OWASP_Web_App_Testing_Cheatsheet_Converter/blob/master/OWASP_Web_Application_Testing_Cheat_Sheet.xml on github]
  
 
= Authors and primary contributors =
 
= Authors and primary contributors =
  
[[User:Simon Bennetts|Simon Bennetts]]
+
[[User:Simon Bennetts|Simon Bennetts]]<br/>
 +
[[User:Raesene|Rory McCune]] <br/>
 +
Colin Watson<br/>
 +
Simone Onofri<br/>
 +
 
 +
All the authors of theTesting Guide v3
 +
 
 +
= Other Contributors =
 +
 
 +
[[User:Ryan_Dewhurst|Ryan Dewhurst]]  
  
 
= Related articles =
 
= Related articles =

Revision as of 17:53, 19 March 2013

Contents

DRAFT CHEAT SHEET - WORK IN PROGRESS

Introduction

This cheat sheet provides a checklist of tasks to be performed when performing a blackbox security test of a web application.

Purpose

This checklist is intended to be used as an aide memoire for experienced pentesters and should be used in conjunction with the OWASP Testing Guide. It will be updated as the Testing Guide v4 is progressed.

The intention is that this guide will be available as an XML document, with scripts that convert it into formats such as pdf, Media Wiki markup, HTML etc.

This will allow it to be consumed within security tools as well as being available in a format suitable for printing.

All feedback or offers of help will be appreciated - and if you have specific chances you think should be made, just get stuck in.

The Checklist

Information Gathering

  • Manually explore the site
  • Spider/crawl for missed or hidden content
  • Check for files that expose content, such as robots.txt, sitemap.xml, .DS_Store
  • Check the caches of major search engines for publicly accessible sites
  • Check for differences in content based on User Agent (eg, Mobile sites, access as a Search engine Crawler)
  • Perform Web Application Fingerprinting
  • Identify technologies used
  • Identify user roles
  • Identify application entry points
  • Identify client-side code
  • Identify multiple versions/channels (e.g. web, mobile web, mobile app, web services)
  • Identify co-hosted and related applications
  • Identify all hostnames and ports
  • Identify third-party hosted content

Configuration Management

  • Check for commonly used application and administrative URLs
  • Check for old, backup and unreferenced files
  • Check HTTP methods supported and Cross Site Tracing (XST)
  • Test file extensions handling
  • Test for security HTTP headers (e.g. CSP, X-Frame-Options, HSTS)
  • Test for policies (e.g. Flash, Silverlight, robots)
  • Test for non-production data in live environment, and vice-versa
  • Check for sensitive data in client-side code (e.g. API keys, credentials)

Secure Transmission

  • Check SSL Version, Algorithms, Key length
  • Check for Digital Certificate Validity (Duration, Signature and CN)
  • Check credentials only delivered over HTTPS
  • Check that the login form is delivered over HTTPS
  • Check session tokens only delivered over HTTPS
  • Check if HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) in use

Authentication

  • Test for user enumeration
  • Test for authentication bypass
  • Test for bruteforce protection
  • Test password quality rules
  • Test remember me functionality
  • Test for autocomplete on password forms/input
  • Test password reset and/or recovery
  • Test password change process
  • Test CAPTCHA
  • Test multi factor authentication
  • Test for logout functionality presence
  • Test for cache management on HTTP (eg Pragma, Expires, Max-age)
  • Test for default logins
  • Test for user-accessible authentication history
  • Test for out-of channel notification of account lockouts and successful password changes
  • Test for consistent authentication across applications with shared authentication schema / SSO

Session Management

  • Establish how session management is handled in the application (eg, tokens in cookies, token in URL)
  • Check session tokens for cookie flags (httpOnly and secure)
  • Check session cookie scope (path and domain)
  • Check session cookie duration (expires and max-age)
  • Check session termination after a maximum lifetime
  • Check session termination after relative timeout
  • Check session termination after logout
  • Test to see if users can have multiple simultaneous sessions
  • Test session cookies for randomness
  • Confirm that new session tokens are issued on login, role change and logout
  • Test for consistent session management across applications with shared session management
  • Test for session puzzling
  • Test for CSRF and clickjacking

Authorization

  • Test for path traversal
  • Test for bypassing authorization schema
  • Test for vertical Access control problems (a.k.a. Privilege Escalation)
  • Test for horizontal Access control problems (between two users at the same privilege level)
  • Test for missing authorization

Data Validation

  • Test for Reflected Cross Site Scripting
  • Test for Stored Cross Site Scripting
  • Test for DOM based Cross Site Scripting
  • Test for Cross Site Flashing
  • Test for HTML Injection
  • Test for SQL Injection
  • Test for LDAP Injection
  • Test for ORM Injection
  • Test for XML Injection
  • Test for XXE Injection
  • Test for SSI Injection
  • Test for XPath Injection
  • Test for XQuery Injection
  • Test for IMAP/SMTP Injection
  • Test for Code Injection
  • Test for Command Injection
  • Test for Overflow (Stack, Heap and Integer)
  • Test for Format String
  • Test for incubated vulnerabilities
  • Test for HTTP Splitting/Smuggling
  • Test for HTTP Verb Tampering
  • Test for Open Redirection
  • Test for Local File Inclusion
  • Test for Remote File Inclusion
  • Compare client-side and server-side validation rules
  • Test for NoSQL injection
  • Test for HTTP parameter pollution
  • Test for auto-binding
  • Test for Mass Assignment
  • Test for NULL/Invalid Session Cookie

Denial of Service

  • Test for anti-automation
  • Test for account lockout
  • Test for HTTP protocol DoS
  • Test for SQL wildcard DoS

Business Logic

  • Test for feature misuse
  • Test for lack of non-repudiation
  • Test for trust relationships
  • Test for integrity of data
  • Test segregation of duties

Cryptography

  • Check if data which should be encrypted is not
  • Check for wrong algorithms usage depending on context
  • Check for weak algorithms usage
  • Check for proper use of salting
  • Check for randomness functions

Risky Functionality - File Uploads

  • Test that acceptable file types are whitelisted
  • Test that file size limits, upload frequency and total file counts are defined and are enforced
  • Test that file contents match the defined file type
  • Test that all file uploads have Anti-Virus scanning in-place.
  • Test that unsafe filenames are sanitised
  • Test that uploaded files are not directly accessible within the web root
  • Test that uploaded files are not served on the same hostname/port
  • Test that files and other media are integrated with the authentication and authorisation schemas

Risky Functionality - Card Payment

  • Test for known vulnerabilities and configuration issues on Web Server and Web Application
  • Test for default or guessable password
  • Test for non-production data in live environment, and vice-versa
  • Test for Injection vulnerabilities
  • Test for Buffer Overflows
  • Test for Insecure Cryptographic Storage
  • Test for Insufficient Transport Layer Protection
  • Test for Improper Error Handling
  • Test for all vulnerabilities with a CVSS v2 score > 4.0
  • Test for Authentication and Authorization issues
  • Test for CSRF

HTML 5

  • Test Web Messaging
  • Test for Web Storage SQL injection
  • Check CORS implementation

Other Formats

  • Current cheat sheet in DradisPro template format on github

Authors and primary contributors

Simon Bennetts
Rory McCune
Colin Watson
Simone Onofri

All the authors of theTesting Guide v3

Other Contributors

Ryan Dewhurst

Related articles

OWASP Testing Guide

Mozilla Web Security Verification

OWASP Cheat Sheets Project Homepage

Developer Cheat Sheets (Builder)

Assessment Cheat Sheets (Breaker)

Mobile Cheat Sheets

OpSec Cheat Sheets (Defender)

Draft Cheat Sheets