Web Application Penetration Testing

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4. Web Application Penetration Testing

4.1 Introduction and objectives

4.2 Information Gathering

4.2.1 Testing Web Application Fingerprint
4.2.2 Application Discovery
4.2.3 Spidering and googling
4.2.4 Analysis of error code
4.2.5 Infrastructure configuration management testing
4.2.5.1 SSL/TLS Testing
4.2.5.2 DB Listener Testing
4.2.6 Application configuration management testing
4.2.6.1 File extensions handling
4.2.6.2 Old, backup and unreferenced files

4.3 Business logic testing

4.4 Authentication Testing
4.4.1 Default or guessable (dictionary) user account
4.4.2 Brute Force
4.4.3 Bypassing authentication schema
4.4.4 Directory traversal/file include
4.4.5 Vulnerable remember password and pwd reset
4.4.6 Logout and Browser Cache Management Testing

4.5 Session Management Testing
4.5.1 Analysis of the Session Management Schema
4.5.2 Cookie and Session Token Manipulation
4.5.3 Exposed Session Variables
4.5.4 Session Riding
4.5.5 HTTP Exploit

4.6 Data Validation Testing
4.6.1 Cross Site Scripting
4.6.1.1 HTTP Methods and XST
4.6.2 SQL Injection
4.6.2.1 Oracle Testing
4.6.2.2 MySQL Testing
4.6.2.3 SQL Server Testing

4.6.3 LDAP Injection
4.6.4 ORM Injection
4.6.5 XML Injection
4.6.6 SSI Injection
4.6.7 XPath Injection
4.6.8 IMAP/SMTP Injection
4.6.9 Code Injection
4.6.10 OS Commanding

4.6.11 Buffer overflow Testing
4.6.11.1 Heap overflow
4.6.11.2 Stack overflow
4.6.11.3 Format string

4.6.12 Incubated vulnerability testing

4.7 Denial of Service Testing
4.7.1 Locking Customer Accounts
4.7.2 Buffer Overflows
4.7.3 User Specified Object Allocation
4.7.4 User Input as a Loop Counter
4.7.5 Writing User Provided Data to Disk
4.7.6 Failure to Release Resources
4.7.7 Storing too Much Data in Session

4.8 Web Services Testing
4.8.1 XML Structural Testing
4.8.2 XML Content-level Testing
4.8.3 HTTP GET parameters/REST Testing
4.8.4 Naughty SOAP attachments
4.8.5 Replay Testing

4.9 AJAX Testing
4.9.1 AJAX Vulnerabilities
4.9.2 How to test AJAX