Top 10 2007-Where to Go From Here

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The OWASP Top 10 is just the beginning of your web application security journey.

The world's six billion people can be divided into two groups: group one, who know why every good software company ships products with known bugs; and group two, who don't. Those in group 1 tend to forget what life was like before our youthful optimism was spoiled by reality. Sometimes we encounter a person in group two …who is shocked that any software company would ship a product before every last bug is fixed. Eric Sink, Guardian May 25, 2006 Most of your users and customers are in group two. How you deal with this problem is an opportunity to improve your code and the state of web application security in general. Billions of dollars are lost every year, and many millions of people suffer identity theft and fraud due to the vulnerabilities discussed in this document.

For Architects and Designers

To properly secure your applications, you must know what you’re securing (asset classification), know the threats and risks of insecurity, and address these in a structured way. Designing any non-trivial application requires a good dose of security.

  • Ensure that you apply "just enough" security based upon threat risk modeling and asset classification. However, as compliance laws (SOX, HIPAA, Basel, etc) place increasing burdens, it may be appropriate to invest more time and resources than satisfies the minimum today, particularly if best practice is well known and is considerably tougher than the minimum
  • Ask questions about business requirements, particularly missing non-functional requirements
  • Work through the OWASP Secure Software Contract Annex with your customer
  • Encourage safer design – include defense in depth and simpler constructs through using threat modeling (see [HOW1] in the book references)
  • Ensure that you have considered confidentiality, integrity, availability , and non-repudiation
  • Ensure your designs are consistent with security policy and standards, such as COBIT or PCI DSS 1.1

For Developers

Many developers already have a good handle on web application security basics. To ensure effective mastery of the web application security domain requires practice. Anyone can destroy (i.e. perform penetration testing) – it takes a master to build secure software. Aim to become a master.

  • Consider joining OWASP and attending local chapter meetings
  • Ask for secure code training if you have a training budget. Ask for a training budget if you don’t have one
  • Design your features securely – consider defense in depth and simplicity in design
  • Adopt coding standards which encourage safer code constructs
  • Refactor existing code to use safer constructs in your chosen platform, such as parameterized queries
  • Review the OWASP Guide and start applying selected controls to your code. Unlike most security guides, it is designed to help you build secure software, not break it
  • Test your code for security defects and make this part of your unit and web testing regime
  • Buy a copy of "The Security Development Lifecycle" (see [HOW1] in the book references) and adopt many of its practices. In addition, “The Art of Software Security Testing: Identifying Software Security Flaws” [WYS1] is essential if you are a software quality assurance tester.

For Open Source Projects

Open source is a particular challenge for web application security. There are literally millions of open source projects, from one developer personal projects through to major projects such as Apache, Tomcat, and large scale web applications, such as PostNuke.

  • Consider joining OWASP and attending local chapter meetings
  • If your project has more than 4 developers, consider making at least one developer a security person
  • Design your features securely – consider defense in depth and simplicity in design
  • Adopt coding standards which encourage safer code constructs
  • Adopt the responsible disclosure policy to ensure that security defects are handled properly
  • Buy a copy of "The Security Development Lifecycle" and adopt many of its practices.

For Application Owners

Application owners in commercial settings are often time and resource constrained. Application owners should:

  • Work through the OWASP Secure Software Contract Annex with the software producers
  • Ensure business requirements include non-functional requirements (NFRs) such as security requirements
  • Encourage designs which include secure by default features, defense in depth and simplicity in design
  • Employ (or train) developers who have a strong security background
  • Test for security defects throughout the project: design, build, test, and deployment
  • Allow resources, budget and time in the project plan to remediate security issues

For C-level Executives

Your organization must have a secure development life cycle (SDLC) in place that suits your organization. Vulnerabilities are much cheaper to fix in development than after your product ships. A reasonable SDLC not only includes testing for the Top 10, it includes:

  • For off the shelf software, ensure purchasing policies and contracts include security requirements
  • For custom code, adopt secure coding principles in your policies and standards
  • Train your developers in secure coding techniques and ensure they keep these skills up to date
  • Include security-relevant code analysis tools in your budget
  • Notify your software producers of the importance of security to your bottom line.
  • Train your architects, designers, and business people in web application security fundamentals
  • Adopt responsible disclosure practices and build a process to properly respond to vulnerability reports for your products

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