Testing for Denial of Service
This article is part of the OWASP Testing Guide v3. The entire OWASP Testing Guide v3 can be downloaded here.
4.7 Denial of Service Testing
The most common type of denial of service (DoS) attack is the kind used on a network to make a server unreachable by other valid users. The fundamental concept of a network DoS attack is a malicious user flooding enough traffic to a target machine, that it renders the target incapable of keeping up with the volume of requests it is receiving. When the malicious user uses a large number of machines to flood traffic to a single target machine, this is generally known as a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack. These types of attacks are generally beyond the scope of what an application developer can prevent within their own code. This type of “battle of the network pipes” is best mitigated via network architecture solutions.
There are, however, types of vulnerabilities within applications that can allow a malicious user to make certain functionality or sometimes the entire website unavailable. These problems are caused by bugs in the application, often resulting from malicious or unexpected user input. This section will focus on application layer attacks against availability that can be launched by just one malicious user on a single machine.
Here are the DoS testings we will talk about:
- DoS Testing: Locking Customer Accounts
- DoS Testing: Buffer Overflows
- DoS Testing: User Specified Object Allocation
- DoS Testing: User Input as a Loop Counter
- DoS Testing: Writing User Provided Data to Disk
- DoS Testing: Failure to Release Resources
- DoS Testing: Storing too Much Data in Session
Stephen de Vries, Application denial of service (DoS) attacks: http://www.corsaire.com/white-papers/040405-application-level-dos-attacks.pdf