Difference between revisions of "Storing passwords in a recoverable format"

From OWASP
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(One intermediate revision by one user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Template:SecureSoftware}}
 
{{Template:SecureSoftware}}
 
{{Template:Vulnerability}}
 
{{Template:Vulnerability}}
 
__TOC__
 
 
[[ASDR Table of Contents]]
 
 
  
 
Last revision (mm/dd/yy): '''{{REVISIONMONTH}}/{{REVISIONDAY}}/{{REVISIONYEAR}}'''
 
Last revision (mm/dd/yy): '''{{REVISIONMONTH}}/{{REVISIONDAY}}/{{REVISIONYEAR}}'''
  
 
+
[[ASDR_TOC_Vulnerabilities|Vulnerabilities Table of Contents]]
[[Category:FIXME|This is the text from the old template. This needs to be rewritten using the new template.]]
+
 
+
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
 
+
The storage of passwords in a recoverable format makes them subject to password reuse attacks by malicious users. If a system administrator can recover the password directly, or use a brute force search on the information available to him, he can use the password on other accounts.
The storage of passwords in a recoverable format makes them subject to password reuse attacks by malicious users. If a system administrator can recover the password directly - or use a brute force search on the information available to him -, he can use the password on other accounts.
+
  
 
'''Consequences'''
 
'''Consequences'''
  
* Confidentiality: User's passwords may be revealed.
+
* Confidentiality: Users' passwords may be revealed.
 
* Authentication: Revealed passwords may be reused elsewhere to impersonate the users in question.
 
* Authentication: Revealed passwords may be reused elsewhere to impersonate the users in question.
  
Line 45: Line 37:
  
 
The use of recoverable passwords significantly increases the chance that passwords will be used maliciously. In fact, it should be noted that recoverable encrypted passwords provide no significant benefit over plain-text passwords since they are subject not only to reuse by malicious attackers but also by malicious insiders.  
 
The use of recoverable passwords significantly increases the chance that passwords will be used maliciously. In fact, it should be noted that recoverable encrypted passwords provide no significant benefit over plain-text passwords since they are subject not only to reuse by malicious attackers but also by malicious insiders.  
 
  
 
==Risk Factors==
 
==Risk Factors==

Latest revision as of 16:02, 28 February 2009

This is a Vulnerability. To view all vulnerabilities, please see the Vulnerability Category page.


Last revision (mm/dd/yy): 02/28/2009

Vulnerabilities Table of Contents

Description

The storage of passwords in a recoverable format makes them subject to password reuse attacks by malicious users. If a system administrator can recover the password directly, or use a brute force search on the information available to him, he can use the password on other accounts.

Consequences

  • Confidentiality: Users' passwords may be revealed.
  • Authentication: Revealed passwords may be reused elsewhere to impersonate the users in question.

Exposure period

  • Design: The method of password storage and use is often decided at design time.
  • Implementation: In some cases, the decision of algorithms for password encryption or hashing may be left to the implementers.

Platform

  • Languages: All
  • Operating platforms: All

Required resources

Access to read stored password hashes

Severity

Medium to High

Likelihood of exploit

Very High

The use of recoverable passwords significantly increases the chance that passwords will be used maliciously. In fact, it should be noted that recoverable encrypted passwords provide no significant benefit over plain-text passwords since they are subject not only to reuse by malicious attackers but also by malicious insiders.

Risk Factors

TBD

Examples

In C\C  :

int VerifyAdmin(char *password) {
 
  if (strcmp(compress(password), compressed_password)) {
    printf("Incorrect Password!\n");
    return(0)
  }

  printf("Entering Diagnostic Mode�\n");
  return(1);
}

In Java:

int VerifyAdmin(String password) {
  
  if (passwd.Eqauls(compress((compressed_password)) {
    return()0)
  }
//Diagnostic Mode
  return(1);
}


Related Attacks


Related Vulnerabilities


Related Controls

  • Design / Implementation: Ensure that strong, non-reversible encryption is used to protect stored passwords.


Related Technical Impacts


References

Note: A reference to related CWE or CAPEC article should be added when exists. Eg: