Static Code Analysis
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Last revision (mm/dd/yy): 01/5/2012
Static Code Analysis is usually performed as part of a Code Review (also known as white-box testing) and is carried out at the Implementation phase of a Security Development Lifecycle (SDL). Static Code Analysis commonly refers to the running of Static Code Analysis tools that attempt to highlight possible vulnerabilities within 'static' (non-running) source code by using techniques such as Taint Analysis and Data Flow Analysis.
The UK Defense Standard 00-55 requires that Static Code Analysis be used on all 'safety related software in defense equipment'. 
There are various techniques to analyze static source code for potential vulnerabilities.
RIPS PHP Static Code Analysis Tool
OWASP LAPSE+ Static Code Analysis Tool
Also see Source Code Analysis Tools.
- OWASP Code Crawler (.NET & Java)
- OWASP LAPSE (Java)
- PMD (Java)
- FlawFinder (C/C++)
- Microsoft FxCop (.NET)
- Splint (C)
- FindBugs (Java)
- RIPS (PHP)
- Agnitio (Objective-C, C#, Java & Android)
 Ministry of Defence (MoD). (1997) SAFETY RELATED SOFTWARE IN DEFENSE EQUIPMENT [Online]. Available at: http://www.software-supportability.org/Docs/00-55_Part_2.pdf (Accessed: 5 January 2012).