Query Parameterization Cheat Sheet

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Last revision (mm/dd/yy): 07/7/2014



SQL Injection is one of the most dangerous web vulnerabilities. So much so that it's the #1 item in the OWASP Top 10. It represents a serious threat because SQL Injection allows evil attacker code to change the structure of a web application's SQL statement in a way that can steal data, modify data, or potentially facilitate command injection to the underlying OS. This cheat sheet is a derivative work of the SQL Injection Prevention Cheat Sheet.

Parameterized Query Examples

SQL Injection is best prevented through the use of parameterized queries. The following chart demonstrates, with real-world code samples, how to build parameterized queries in most of the common web languages. The purpose of these code samples is to demonstrate to the web developer how to avoid SQL Injection when building database queries within a web application.

Prepared Statement Examples

Stored Procedure Examples

The SQL you write in your web application isn't the only place that SQL injection vulnerabilities can be introduced. If you are using Stored Procedures, and you are dynamically constructing SQL inside them, you can also introduce SQL injection vulnerabilities. To ensure this dynamic SQL is secure, you can parameterize this dynamic SQL too using bind variables. Here are some examples of using bind variables in stored procedures in different databases:


Authors and Primary Editors

Jim Manico - jim [at] owasp.org
Dave Wichers - dave.wichers [at] aspectsecurity.com
Neil Matatal - neil [at] owasp.org

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