PHP File Inclusion

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Last revision (mm/dd/yy): 02/27/2009

Vulnerabilities Table of Contents


PHP, as many other languages, allows the inclution of files in order to provide or extend the functionality of the current file.

Risk Factors



<?PHP include '/path/filename.php'; include_once 'path/filename.class.php'; require '../path/'; require_once ''; ?>

Related Attacks

  • Remote file inclusion using variables from the request POST or GET

Related Vulnerabilities

Related Controls

Related Technical Impacts


Note: A reference to related CWE or CAPEC article should be added when exists. Eg: