OAT-011 Scraping

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This is an automated threat. To view all automated threats, please see the Automated Threat Category page. The OWASP Automated Threat Handbook - Wed Applications (pdf, print), an output of the OWASP Automated Threats to Web Applications Project, provides a fuller guide to each threat, detection methods and countermeasures. The threat identification chart helps to correctly identify the automated threat.

Definition

OWASP Automated Threat (OAT) Identity Number

OAT-011

Threat Event Name

Scraping

Summary Defining Characteristics

Collect application content and/or other data for use elsewhere.

Indicative Diagram

Description

Collecting accessible data and/or processed output from the application. Some scraping may use fake or compromised accounts, or the information may be accessible without authentication. The scraper may attempt to read all accessible paths and parameter values for web pages and APIs, collecting the responses and extracting data from them. Scraping may occur in real time, or be more periodic in nature. Some Scraping may be used to gain insight into how it is constructed and operates - perhaps for cryptanalysis, reverse engineering, or session analysis.

When another application is being used as an intermediary between the user(s) and the real application, see OAT-020 Account Aggregation. If the intent is to obtain cash or goods, see OAT-012 Cashing Out instead.

Other Names and Examples

API provisioning; Bargain hunting; Comparative shopping; Content scraping; Data aggregation; Database scraping; Farming; Harvesting; Meta search scraper; Mining; Mirroring; Pagejacking; Powering APIs; Ripping; Scraper bot; Screen scraping; Search / social media bot

See Also

Cross-References

CAPEC Category / Attack Pattern IDs

  • 167 Lifting Sensitive Data from the Client
  • 210 Abuse of Functionality
  • 281 Analyze Target

CWE Base / Class / Variant IDs

  • 799 Improper Control of Interaction Frequency

WASC Threat IDs

  • 21 Insufficient Anti-Automation
  • 42 Abuse of Functionality

OWASP Attack Category / Attack IDs