Log review and management

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  • Communicate potential risks to stakeholder.
  • Communicate rationale for security-relevant decisions to stakeholder.


  • who typically does this


Log Review Tips

Critical systems require at least daily log review, however, what types of logs/activities should we pay attention to?

1. Consecutive login failure especially in non-office hour.

2. Login in non-office hour.

3. Authority change, addition and removal. Check them against with authorized application.

4. Any system administrator's activities

5. Any unknown workstation/server are plugged into the network?

6. Logs removal/log overwritten/log size is full

7. Pay more attention to the log reports after week-end and holiday

8. Any account unlocked/password reset by system administrators without authorized forms?

Log Standard

In fact, we are suffering various log format and standard from various systems even we are working in-house or act as a consultant. Why don't we produce a standard/guidelines to developer before they design the user administrative and audit trail functions to fulfill security control.


  • Search - By date and time, by event type, by criticality, by account/user ID, by department
  • Sorting - By date and time, by event type, by criticality, by account/user ID, by department
  • Paging (Optional)
  • Critical event is marked by "*"
  • Show expired and inactive accounts (for example: 90 days)

Mandatory Fields:-

  • User ID and Name
  • Activity Date/Timestamp
  • Activity Type and Description
  • Terminal IP address and Location

User Account List:-

  • User Info - Name, Department, Role
  • Last Accessed Time
  • Account Creation Date/Time
  • Current Authority and Role
  • Account authority and information change history

Subactivity 3

Describe the subactivity here