Information exposure through query strings in url
This is a Vulnerability. To view all vulnerabilities, please see the Vulnerability Category page.
Last revision (mm/dd/yy): 10/17/2018
Information exposure through query strings in URL is when sensitive data is passed to parameters in the URL. This allows attackers to obtain sensitive data such as usernames, passwords, tokens (authX), database details, and any other potentially sensitive data. Simply using HTTPS does not resolve this vulnerability.
Threat Agents: App Specific Attack Vectors: Average Security Weakness (prevalence): Common Security Weakness (detectability): Difficult Technical Impacts: Moderate Business Impacts: App Specific
Regardless of using encryption, the following URL will expose information in the locations detailed below: https://vulnerablehost.com/authuser?user=bob&authz_token=1234&expire=1500000000
The parameter values for 'user', 'authz_token', and 'expire' will be exposed in the following locations when using HTTP or HTTPS:
- Referer Header
- Web Logs
- Shared Systems
- Browser History
- Browser Cache
- Shoulder Surfing
When not using an encrypted channel, all of the above and the following:
The following figure displays how an internal attacker can potentially exploit this vulnerability as the request above is captured in the server logs even when requested via an encrypted channel:
Related Technical Impacts