Getting Started in Application Security
Application security is simply the process of developing, maintaining, and purchasing applications that your organization can trust. However, application security is inextricably tied into almost every aspect of organizations' information technology, and can be maddeningly difficult to tackle. This "Getting Started" page is intended to provide a roadmap of the various topics in application security and where OWASP materials can help you and your organization master them.
- 1 Application Security Overview
- 2 Where Should I Start?
- 3 About Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures
- 4 Do You Have Vulnerabilities in Your Applications?
- 5 What Are the Root Causes of Application Vulnerabilities?
- 6 Improving Application Security In Your Project
- 7 Improving Application Security Across Your Organization
Application Security Overview
Drivers, market, business reasons. Links to articles about metrics, ROI, need for application security, what other companies are doing.
Where Should I Start?
If you're wondering whether your software really has application security weaknesses, then the best thing to do is to find out. You can do this in a number of ways, but the simplest is to have a few of your applications verified. The reviewer should check all the major security areas by using a combination of scanning, code review, penetration testing, and static analysis. Chances are pretty good that you'll find some vulnerabilities and then you can make an informed decision about how to proceed.
If you've already come to the conclusion that your project or organization is not producing secure code, then you should consider what organizational improvements are most likely to improve your ability. One popular place to start is developer training, as it is relatively inexpensive and has immediate effects. However, you may want to consider doing an appraisal of your organization to find out what changes are likely to e the most effective. Also, you might consider defining a risk model, creating organization roles and teams, establishing standards or coding guidelines, or introducing some security activities into your software development lifecycle before doing the training.
About Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures
A good way to start learning about application security is by understanding software threats, vulnerabilities, and countermeasures. A good overview of the most critical of these is the OWASP Top Ten awareness document. This is a short paper that describes the most critical vulnerabilities, how to find them, and what to do to protect against them in your application.
One of the best ways to learn about application security is to study some real vulnerabilities and learn how they work. OWASP has developed WebGoat to provide hands-on examples of application security to learn from. WebGoat is a full J2EE application and training environment that contains real vulnerabilities to experiment with and learn from. WebScarab is a powerful web application penetration testing tool that can use to test applications. For further reference, you can read all about each of the vulnerabilities on the OWASP website to learn more.
Keep in mind as you learn that there are different ways of organizing threats, vulnerabilities, and countermeasures. Attempts to force these topics into a strict taxonomy have failed because there are too many dimensions to the problem. At OWASP, we have adopted the folksonomy tagging approach to solving this problem. We simply tag articles about threats, vulnerabilities, and countermeasures with a number of different categories. You can use these category to help get different views into the complex, interconnected set of topics that is application security.
Each article is tagged with as many of the following tags as reasonably apply:
Type: Threat, Vulnerability, Countermeasure ?? : Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability Countermeasure: Authentication, Access Control, Input Validation, Error Handling, Logging, Encryption Likelihood Factors: Attractive, Tools Required, Expertise Required Impact Factors: Corruption, Disclosure, Denial of Service
Security Category: Authentication,
- Whether it is a threat, vulnerability, or countermeasure
- The level of abstraction of the description (e.g. Implementation Bug, Category:Design Flaw, Category:Business Problem)
- The associated security mechanism (e.g. Category:Authentication, Category:Access Control, Category:Input Validation, Category:Error Handling, Category:Logging, Category:Encryption, etc...)
- The business impact of a successful exploit (e.g. Category:Corruption, Category:Disclosure, Category:Denial of Service)
- The factors indicating likelihood of an exploit (e.g. Category:Attractiveness, Category:Expertise Required, etc...)
Do You Have Vulnerabilities in Your Applications?
A writeup about application vulnerabilities, how to find them, and how to figure out their risk. This section would give people the background on the technologies and types of mistakes people make. Links to articles about:
Design flaws and Implementation Bugs Approaches to finding vulnerabilities Common areas (Top 10)
What Are the Root Causes of Application Vulnerabilities?
A writeup of how vulnerabilities get created and left undiscovered. This section points out weaknesses in most software development lifecycles. At a project level, this section talks about problems in staffing, roles, responsibilities, budget, and technology. At the organizational level, this section links to information about management structure, how to raise global organizataion awareness, establishing metrics, and standardizing technologies to help.
Improving Application Security In Your Project
A writeup of how application security fits into the software development lifecycle. The discussion would link to templates, tools, additional reading. (This is not intended to be a complete list (yet))
Security Requirements Threat Modeling Architecture Review Code Review Penetration Testing Vulnerability Scanning Project Responsibility and Roles Budget
Improving Application Security Across Your Organization
The discussion would link to templates, tools, additional reading. (This is not intended to be a complete list (yet))
Training and Awareness Application Security Teams (Infosec, Audit, Appsec, CSO) Metrics Policies Templates Standard Tools Legal Community of Interest Executive Responsibility and Roles Organizational Budget