Direct Static Code Injection

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This is an Attack. To view all attacks, please see the Attack Category page.



Description

Direct Static Code Injection attack consists on injecting code directly onto the resource used by application while processing a user request. This is normally performed by tampering libraries and template files which are created based on user input without proper data sanitization. Upon a user request to the modified resource, the actions defined on it will be executed at server side in the context of web server process.

Server Side Includes is considered a type of direct static code injection. It should not be confused with other types of code injection, like XSS (“Cross Site Scripting” or “HTML injection”) where the code is executed on client side.


Examples

Example 1

This is a simple example of exploitation of CGISCRIPT.NET csSearch 2.3 vulnerability, published on Bugtraq ID: 4368. By requesting the following URL to the server, it’s possible to execute commands defined on ‘’’’setup’’’ variable.

csSearch.cgi?command=savesetup&setup=PERL_CODE_HERE


For the classical example, it can be used the following command to remove all files from “/” folder: csSearch.cgi?command=savesetup&setup=`rm%20-rf%20/`

Note that the above command must be encoded in order to be accepted.


Example 2

This example exploits a vulnerability on Ultimate PHP Board (UPB) 1.9 (CVE-2003-0395), which allows an attacker to execute random php code. This happens because some user variables, like IP address and User-Agent, are stored in a file that is used by admin_iplog.php page to show user statistics. When an administrator browses this page, the previously injected code by a malicious request is executed. The following example stores a malicious PHP code that will deface index.html page when administrator browses admin_iplog.php.

GET /board/index.php HTTP/1.0
User-Agent: <? system( "echo \'hacked\' > ../index.html" ); ?>


References

http://www.seclab.tuwien.ac.at/advisories/TUVSA-0510-001.txt

http://cve.mitre.org/docs/plover/SECTION.9.21.html#CODE.STAT

http://marc.info/?l=bugtraq&m=105379741528925&w=2

http://archives.neohapsis.com/archives/bugtraq/2005-06/0002.html


Related Threats

This article is a stub. You can help OWASP by expanding it or discussing it on its Talk page.Category:Command Execution


Related Attacks


Related Vulnerabilities

Category:Input Validation Vulnerability


Related Countermeasures

Category:Input Validation


Categories

Category:Injection Attack


This article is a stub. You can help OWASP by expanding it or discussing it on its Talk page.