CRV2 FrameworkSpecIssuesASPNetManagedCode

From OWASP
Revision as of 06:06, 25 July 2013 by Johanna Curiel (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Code Review Manage Code

.NET Managed code is less vulnerable to common vulnerabilities found in unmanaged code such as Buffer Overflows and memory corruption however there could be issues in the code that can affect performance and security. The following is a summary of the recommended practices to look for during the code review. Also, it is worth mentioning some tools that can make the work easier on this part and they can help you understand and pin point flaws in your code

Code Access Security

This supports the execution of semi-trusted code, preventing several forms of security threats. The following is a summary of possible vulnerabilities due to improper use of Code Access security:

Vulnerability Implications
Improper use of link demands or asserts The code is susceptible to luring attacks.
Code allows untrusted callers Malicious code can use the code to perform sensitive operations and access resources.

(MSDN, 2013)

Declarative security

Use declarative security instead of imperative whenever possible. Example of declarative syntax(MSDN[2], 2013):

[MyPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Unrestricted = true)]
 public class MyClass
 {
  public MyClass()
  {
     //The constructor is protected by the security call.
  }
  public void MyMethod()
  {
     //This method is protected by the security call.
  }
  public void YourMethod()
  {
     //This method is protected by the security call.
  }

}

Unmanaged code

Even though C# is a strong type language, it is possible to use unmanaged code calls by using the ‘unsafe’ code. “Check that any class that uses an unmanaged resource, such as a database connection across method calls, implements the IDisposable interface. If the semantics of the object are such that a Close method is more logical than a Dispose method, provide a Close method in addition to Dispose”.

Exception handling

Manage code should use exception handling for security purposes among other reasons. Make sure that you follow these recommendations:

  • Avoid exception handling in loops, use try/catch block if it is necessary.
  • Identify code that swallows exceptions
  • Use exceptions handling for unexpected conditions and not just to control the flow in the application

Tools

FxCop

FxCop is an analysis tool that analyses binary assemblies, not source code. The tool has a predefined set of rules and it is possible to configure and extend them. Some of the available rules regarding security are(CodePlex, 2010):

EnableEventValidationShouldBeTrue
Verifies if the EnableEventValidation directive is disabled on a certain page
ValidateRequestShouldBeEnabled
Verifies if the ValidateRequest directive is disabled on a certain page.
ViewStateEncryptionModeShouldBeAlways
Verifies if the ViewStateEncryptionMode directive is not set to Never on a certain page.
EnableViewStateMacShouldBeTrue
Verifies if the EnableViewStateMac directive is not set to false on a certain page.
EnableViewStateShouldBeTrue
Verifies if the EnableViewState directive is not set to false on a certain page.
ViewStateUserKeyShouldBeUsed
Verifies if the Page.ViewStateUserKey is being used in the application to prevent CSRF.
DebugCompilationMustBeDisabled
Verifies that debug compilation is turned off. This eliminates potential performance and   
security issues related to debug code enabled and additional extensive error messages being    
returned.
CustomErrorPageShouldBeSpecified
Verifies that the CustomErrors section is configured to have a default URL for redirecting  
uses in case of error.
FormAuthenticationShouldNotContainFormAuthenticationCredentials
Verifies that no credentials are specified under the form authentication configuration.
EnableCrossAppRedirectsShouldBeTrue
Verifies that system.web.authentication.forms enableCrossAppRedirects is set to true. The    
settings indicate if the user should be redirected to another application url after the  
authentication process. If the setting is false, the authentication process will not
allow redirection to another application or host. This helps prevent an attacker to force the 
user to  be redirected to another site during the authentication process. This attack is 
commonly called Open redirect and is used mostly during phishing attacks.
FormAuthenticationProtectionShouldBeAll
Verifies that the protection attribute on the system.web.authentication.forms protection is  
set to All which specifies that the application use both data validation and encryption to \ 
help protect the authentication cookie.
FormAuthenticationRequireSSLShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the requireSSL attribute on the system.web.authentication.forms configuration  
element is set to True which forces the authentication cookie to specify the secure attribute. 
This directs the browser to only provide the cookie over SSL.
FormAuthenticationSlidingExpirationShouldBeFalse
Verifies that system.web.authentication.forms slidingExpiration is set to false when the  site 
is being served over HTTP. This will force the authentication cookie to have a fixed timeout  
value instead of being refreshed by each request. Since the cookie will traverse over clear
text network and could potentially be intercepted, having a fixed timeout value on the cookie
will limit the amount of time the cookie can be replayed. If the cookie is being sent only
over HTTPS, it is less likely to be intercepted and having the slidingExpiration setting to
True will cause the timeout to be refreshed after each request which gives a better user  
experience.
HttpCookiesHttpOnlyCookiesShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the system.web.httpCookies httpOnlyCookies configuration setting is set to True  
which forces all cookies to be sent with the HttpOnly attribute.
HttpCookiesRequireSSLShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the system.web.httpCookies requireSSL configuration is set to True which forces
all cookies to be sent with the secure attribute. This indicates the browser to only provide
the cookie over SSL.
TraceShouldBeDisabled
Verifies that the system.web.trace enabled setting is set to false which disables tracing. It 
is recommended to disable tracing on production servers to make sure that an attacker cannot
gain information from the trace about your application. Trace information can help an attacker
probe and compromise your application.
AnonymousAccessIsEnabled
Looks in the web.config file to see if the authorization section allows anonymous access.
RoleManagerCookieProtectionShouldBeAll
Verifies that the system.web.rolemanager cookieProtection is set to All which enforces the 
cookie to be both encrypted and validated by the server.
RoleManagerCookieRequireSSLShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the system.web.rolemanager cookieRequireSSL attribute is set to True which
forces the role manager cookie to specify the secure attribute. This directs the browser to
only provide the cookie over SSL.
RoleManagerCookieSlidingExpirationShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the system.web.rolemanager cookieSlidingExpiration is set to false when the site 
is being served over HTTP. This will force the authentication cookie to have a fixed timeout
value instead of being refreshed by each request. Since the cookie will traverse over clear 
text network and could potentially be intercepted, having a fixed timeout value on the cookie 
will limit the amount of time the cookie can be replayed. If the cookie is being sent only
over HTTPS, it is less likely to be intercepted and having the slidingExpiration setting to 
True will cause the timeout to be refreshed after each request which gives a better user 
experience.
PagesEnableViewStateMacShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the viewstate mac is enabled.
PagesEnableEventValidationMustBeTrue
Verifies that event validation is enabled.
HttpRuntimeEnableHeaderCheckingShouldBeTrue
Verifies that the system.web.httpRuntime enableHeaderChecking attribute is set to true. The 
setting indicates whether ASP.NET should check the request header for potential injection 
attacks. If an attack is detected, ASP.NET responds with an error. This forces ASP.NET to 
apply the ValidateRequest protection to headers sent by the client. If an attack is detected 
the application throws HttpRequestValidationException.
PagesValidateRequestShouldBeEnabled
Verify that validateRequest is enabled.
PagesViewStateEncryptionModeShouldBeAlways
Verifies that the viewstate encryption mode is not configured to never encrypt.
CustomErrorsModeShouldBeOn
Verifies that the system.web.customErrors mode is set to On or RemoteOnly. This disable 
detailed error message returned by ASP.NET to remote users.
MarkVerbHandlersWithValidateAntiforgeryToken
Verifies that ValidateAntiforgeryTokenAttribute is used to protect against potential CSRF
attacks against ASP.NET MVC applications.


OWASP O2 platform(VisualStudio C# REPL - O2 Platform (v5.1))

The O2 platform represents a new paradigm for how to perform, document and distribute Web Application security reviews. O2 is designed to Automate Application Security Knowledge and Workflows and to Allow non-security experts to access and consume Security Knowledge. We strongly recommend it to .NET developers since this tool helps you identify current security issues in the framework.(Cruz, 2013)

O2 Platform is also available as a VisualStudio Extension which you can download from VisualStudio Gallery (see VisualStudio C# REPL - O2 Platform) or directly using VisualStudio's Extension Manager: http://visualstudiogallery.msdn.microsoft.com/295fa0f6-37d1-49a3-b51d-ea4741905dc2

References

MSDN 2013 "Code Access Security" available at http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/33tceax8.aspx (Last viewed 25th July, 2013)

MSDN[2], 2013, "Declarative Security" available at http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/kaacwy28.aspx (Last viewed 25th July, 2013)

CodePlex, 2010 "Fxcop ASP.NET Security Rules" Available at http://fxcopaspnetsecurity.codeplex.com/ (Last viewed 25th July, 2013)


Cruz, D. 2013 OWASP O2 Platform, available at https://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_O2_Platform (Last viewed 25th July, 2013)