CRV2 ContextEncHTMLEntity

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HTML elements which contain user controlled data or data from untrusted sourced should be reviewed for contextual output encoding. In the case of HTML entities we need to help ensure HTML Entity Encoding is perfromed:

Example HTML Entity containing untrusted data:

   HTML Body Context
   
   <span>UNTRUSTED DATA</span>
   OR
   <body>...UNTRUSTED DATA </body>
   OR
   <div>UNTRUSTED DATA </div>
   

HTML Entity Encoding is required

   & --> &amp;
   < --> &lt;
   > --> &gt;
   " --> &quot;
   ' --> &#x27;

It is recommended to review where/if untrusted data is placed within entity objects. searching the source code fro teh followign encoders may help establish if HTML entity encoding is being done in the application and in a consistant manner.
OWASP Java Encoder Project
https://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_Java_Encoder_Project

   <input type="text" name="data" value="<%= Encode.forHtmlAttribute(dataValue) %>" />
   

OWASP ESAPI
http://code.google.com/p/owasp-esapi-java/source/browse/trunk/src/main/java/org/owasp/esapi/codecs/HTMLEntityCodec.java

   String safe = ESAPI.encoder().encodeForHTML( request.getParameter( "input" ) );

PHP
http://php.net/manual/en/function.htmlentities.php

.NET
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/w3te6wfz.aspx