Appendix A: Testing Tools

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This article is part of the new OWASP Testing Guide v4.
Back to the OWASP Testing Guide v4 ToC: Back to the OWASP Testing Guide Project:

Open Source Black Box Testing tools

General Testing

  • OWASP WebScarab
    • WebScarab is a framework for analysing applications that communicate using the HTTP and HTTPS protocols. It is written in Java, and is thus portable to many platforms. WebScarab has several modes of operation, implemented by a number of plugins.
  • OWASP CAL9000
    • CAL9000 is a collection of browser-based tools that enable more effective and efficient manual testing efforts.
    • Includes an XSS Attack Library, Character Encoder/Decoder, HTTP Request Generator and Response Evaluator, Testing Checklist, Automated Attack Editor and much more.
  • OWASP Pantera Web Assessment Studio Project
    • Pantera uses an improved version of SpikeProxy to provide a powerful web application analysis engine. The primary goal of Pantera is to combine automated capabilities with complete manual testing to get the best penetration testing results.
  • OWASP Zed Attack Proxy Project
    • The Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) is an easy to use integrated penetration testing tool for finding vulnerabilities in web applications. It is designed to be used by people with a wide range of security experience and as such is ideal for developers and functional testers who are new to penetration testing.
    • ZAP provides automated scanners as well as a set of tools that allow you to find security vulnerabilities manually.
  • OWASP Mantra - Security Framework
    • Mantra is a web application security testing framework built on top of a browser. It supports Windows, Linux(both 32 and 64 bit) and Macintosh, in addition, it can work with other software like ZAP using built in proxy management function which makes it much more convenient. Mantra is available in 9 languages: Arabic, Chinese - Simplified, Chinese - Traditional, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Turkish.
  • SPIKE -
    • SPIKE designed to analyze new network protocols for buffer overflows or similar weaknesses. It requires a strong knowledge of C to use and only available for the Linux platform.
  • Burp Proxy -
    • Burp Proxy is an intercepting proxy server for security testing of web applications it allows Intercepting and modifying all HTTP/S traffic passing in both directions, moreover can work with custom SSL certificates and non-proxy-aware clients.

Testing for specific vulnerabilities

Testing for DOM XSS

Testing AJAX

Testing for SQL Injection

Testing Oracle

Testing SSL

Testing for Brute Force Password

Testing Buffer Overflow



Commercial Black Box Testing tools

Source Code Analyzers

Open Source / Freeware


Acceptance Testing Tools

Acceptance testing tools are used to validate the functionality of web applications. Some follow a scripted approach and typically make use of a Unit Testing framework to construct test suites and test cases. Most, if not all, can be adapted to perform security specific tests in addition to functional tests.

Open Source Tools

  • WATIR -
    • A Ruby based web testing framework that provides an interface into Internet Explorer.
    • Windows only.
  • HtmlUnit -
    • A Java and JUnit based framework that uses the Apache HttpClient as the transport.
    • Very robust and configurable and is used as the engine for a number of other testing tools.
  • jWebUnit -
    • A Java based meta-framework that uses htmlunit or selenium as the testing engine.
  • Canoo Webtest -
    • An XML based testing tool that provides a facade on top of htmlunit.
    • No coding is necessary as the tests are completely specified in XML.
    • There is the option of scripting some elements in Groovy if XML does not suffice.
    • Very actively maintained.
  • HttpUnit -
    • One of the first web testing frameworks, suffers from using the native JDK provided HTTP transport, which can be a bit limiting for security testing.
  • Watij -
    • A Java implementation of WATIR.
    • Windows only because it uses IE for its tests (Mozilla integration is in the works).
  • Solex -
    • An Eclipse plugin that provides a graphical tool to record HTTP sessions and make assertions based on the results.
  • Selenium -
    • JavaScript based testing framework, cross-platform and provides a GUI for creating tests.
    • Mature and popular tool, but the use of JavaScript could hamper certain security tests.

Other Tools

Runtime Analysis

Binary Analysis

Requirements Management

Site Mirroring