Testing for JavaScript Execution

From OWASP
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is part of the new OWASP Testing Guide v4. 
At the moment the project is in the REVIEW phase.

Back to the OWASP Testing Guide v4 ToC: https://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_Testing_Guide_v4_Table_of_Contents Back to the OWASP Testing Guide Project: http://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_Testing_Project

Contents


Brief Summary

A JavaScript Injection vulnerability is a subtype of Cross Site Scripting (XSS) which involves the ability to inject arbitrary JavaScript code that is executed by the application inside the victim's browser. This vulnerability can have many consequences, like disclosure of a user's session cookies that could be used to impersonate the victim, or, more generally, it can allow the attacker to modify the page content seen by the victims or the application behavior.

Description of the Issue

Such vulnerability occurs when the application lacks of a proper user supplied input and output validation. JavaScript is used to dynamically populate web pages, this injection occur during this content processing phase and consequently affect the victim. Exploitation Notes:

When trying to exploit this kind of issues, consider that some character is treated differently by different browsers. For reference see DOM XSS Wiki

The following script does not perform any validation of the variable rr that contains the user supplied input via the query string and additionally does not apply any form of encoding:

var rr = location.search.substring(1);
if(rr)
  window.location=decodeURIComponent(rr);
This implies that an attacker could inject JavaScript code simply by submitting the following query string: www.victim.com/?javascript:alert(1)

Black Box testing and example

Blackbox testing for JavaScript Execution is not usually performed since access to the source code is always available as it needs to be sent to the client to be executed.

Gray Box testing and example

Testing for JavaScript Execution vulnerabilities:
For example, looking at the following URL: http://www.domxss.com/domxss/01_Basics/04_eval.html

The page contains the following scripts:

<script>
function loadObj(){
 var cc=eval('('+aMess+')');
 document.getElementById('mess').textContent=cc.message;
}

if(window.location.hash.indexOf('message')==-1)
  var aMess="({\"message\":\"Hello User!\"})";
else
  var aMess=location.hash.substr(window.location.hash.indexOf('message=')+8);
</script>

The above code contains a source 'location.hash' that is controlled by the attacker that can inject directly in the 'message' value a JavaScript Code to take the control of the user browser.

References

OWASP Resources

Whitepapers